Grand Trunk Western #6039, Preserved in PA

During the economic boom following the first World War, railroads of all sizes enjoyed an increased demand for passenger and freight services. The Grand Trunk Western (GTW) Railroad, a subsidiary of Canadian National, realized their fleet of Pacific-type locomotives were not powerful enough to meet the company’s needs, so they purchased several 4-8-2 “Mountain Type” locomotives to handle the increased effort.

Grand Trunk Western #6039 on the turntable at the Steamtown Roundhouse.
#6039 on the turntable at the Steamtown roundhouse.

A Brief History of the Grand Trunk Western #6039

Grand Trunk Western #6039 is a survivor of those heady between-the-wars years. She served at the front of passenger trains on the GTW Chicago branch. Built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1925, #6039 was part of an order of five 4-8-2 steam locomotives placed by the GTW. At the time this locomotive had some new, and crew-favored, features including power reverse gear, Elesco feedwater heaters, and automatic or mechanical stokers.

Grand Trunk Western #6039 on display at Steamtown
Grand Trunk Western #6039 on display at Steamtown. (Photo: Hugh Llewelyn via CC by 2.0)

Even though this steamer was built for passenger service, the Grand Trunk Western soon realized that it was powerful enough to quickly haul heavy freight trains and the locomotive became used for both types of service. The locomotive was modified in the mid-1930s, including equipping it with roller bearings on the leading and trailing tracks, to increase its efficiency.

GTW turned towards dieselization in the mid-1950s, #6039 found herself leased to the Central Vermont Railway. It operated in Vermont for a short period and became one of the very last steam locomotives to operate in general service in Vermont.

Grand Trunk Western #6039 was retired in 1959 and sold to F. Nelson Blount, a businessman and railfan, who added it to the collection for his Steamtown USA museum, also in Vermont at the time. When Steamtown moved for the final time to Scranton, Pennsylvania, #6039 moved too.

6039 remains a popular draw as one of Steamtown's larger locomotives
#6039 remains a popular draw as one of Steamtown’s larger locomotives. (Photo: Alphageekpa via CC by 3.0)

Current Condition

Grand Trunk Western #6039 is now on static display at the Steamtown National Historic Site but does not operate or participate in excursions offered by the park. A study on the locomotive done by the National Parks Department, the entity responsible for Steamtown, suggested that the process to return the locomotive to operation, which would include replacing bad cylinder casings in the engine, would likely not make sense financially.

That being said, the park takes great care to maintain the locomotive as it is the only Mountain-type locomotives on the park roster and is one of the few GTW survivors in general.

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